French artist Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard (13 September 1803 – 17 March 1847) continued the tradition started by his theatrical grandparents and artistic father when he also chose to publish his work under the name Grandville. He moved to Paris when he was only 21 and became a a successful caricaturist. He published his own lithographs, including Les Métamorphoses du Jour, and contributed work to L’Artiste ,La Caricature and other publications. He shifted to book illustration after politicians censored political magazines and illustrated titles including Don Quixote, Gulliver’s Travels and Robinson Crusoe.  He created dancing deer, tuxedo-wearing alligators, penguins on thrones and hundreds of other anthropomorphic sketches of animals engaged in comical or unexpected acts.

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